Beer & wine quiz

Test your knowledge about these popular libations. Answers at the bottom – no cheating!

1) In winespeak, aroma and bouquet mean the same thing.


2) When brewing beer, the addition of yeast creates alcohol and carbonation as well as chemical byproducts called phenols that give beer its complexity. Phenols can create which aromas in beer:

a) Clove
b) Banana
c) Burning Hair
d) All of the above

3) Which of the options below is true about tannins?

a) Tannins are present in the wood, bark, leaves, and fruit of various plants
b) Tannins are a form of self-protection for plants
c) Tannins create a drying feeling in your mouth when drinking certain wines
d) All of the above

4) A beer or wine that is lacking acidity could be called: 

a) Flabby
b) Wobbly
c) Sulfitic
d) Grassy

5) Tannins can be present in beer


6) Choose the wine/beer that would make the best contrasting pairing with French fries:

a) Champagne/Pilsner
b) A buttery chardonnay/Irish red ale
c) Pinot Noir/Porter
d) Zinfandel/Stout

7) Hops are a perennial climbing plant which imparts citrusy and bitter notes to beer (among other flavors), and there are dozens and dozens of different types. Which of these groups are not types of hops?

a) Junga, California Cluster, Pacifica
b) Spiro, Stuttgart, Yellow Oros
c) Hallertau, Willamette, Falconer’s Flight
d) Early Green, Idaho 7, Polaris

8) If a wine is referred to as hot, what does that mean?

a) It is very young
b) It has matured in oak barrels
c) It has a high alcohol content
d) It was produced from a blend of grapes near the equator

9) In 2021, what is the number of recognized beer styles in the United States according to The Brewers Association?

a) Over 200
b) 158
c) 74
d) 31

10) About how many different grape varieties can be found worldwide?
a) Over 10,000
b) 750
c) 276
d) 59


1. False – aroma alludes to the nose of a young wine, while bouquet refers to the smells associated with a wine that has been aged for a considerable period of time.

2. D; phenolic beers such as hefeweizen and Belgian ales can have pleasant aromas, but if the brewer is not careful, odors such as medicine cabinet and burning hair can ruin a brew’s flavor profile.

3. D; tannins can be found in red wine, beer, coffee, and tea. The astringent taste is a mechanism to deter animals from consuming the plant.

4. A; flabby is the negative term used to describe an unbalanced wine or beer with no acidity.

5. True – tannins can be found in the husks of barley as well as from hops.

6. A
; the brightness and effervescence of the champagne and the pilsner refreshes the palate when enjoying fatty and salty food like French fries.

7. B; Learn about different hop varieties here:

8. C; calling a wine hot refers to the burning sensation made by the alcohol. Bonus points is you know that’s why Michael prefers fortified wines such as Port.

9. B; check out these links for more information:

10. A; while we are most familiar with Chardonnay, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, etc, there are over 10,000 grape varieties worldwide. According to Forbes, some wine producers are starting to search for lesser known grape varietals on the edge of extinction to create new and exciting wines.

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See, swirl, sniff, sip, savor

Tasting beer and wine properly need not be an intimidating experience. Sure there are steps to take to ensure the full experience is achieved, but the activity itself can be as laid back or as complex as you’d like to make it.
Believe it or not, there are many similarities between wine and beer tasting processes. In fact, both start with your eyes. It may sound odd, but closely observing the libations can give you your first hints about them. Notice the color, is the beer a light straw or a dark amber? Is the merlot a deep, vibrant ruby or a muddy purplish-brown? Also take this time to observe the opacity of the liquid. Is it crystal clear or cloudy? What do these things say to you about what you’re about to taste?

Next, we’re using our noses, as smell is an integral part of the tasting process. And while seasoned professional tasters will be able to make more inferences and connections in this step, it is still of the utmost importance for even the layman. Sticking your nose in the glass may make you feel silly, but it is imperative. Just some of the common beer aromas are sweet, roasted, piney, yeast, earth, and floral. Wines can be all of the above and then some, fruity, peppery, leather, smokey, herbal, etc. 

After employing our eyes and nose, it’s time to taste. When tasting still wine (no carbonation), there is technically no need to swallow. Moving the wine around your tongue and palate can suffice. Though the tongue is NOT divided up into “regions” of taste (as we touched on in a previous article), taste receptors are pretty evenly divided across the tongue, the roof of the mouth, and even into the throat. On the other hand, carbonated beverages such as beer and sparkling wine must be swallowed to enjoy the full experience. As you swallow, the carbon dioxide is released as gas and travels up through your nasal passages, providing you with a better overall taste profile. As you taste, try to identify as many unique flavors as you can. Compare and contrast those with the aromas you initially smelled. Are the flavors as expected? Are there any surprises?

In our next article, we’ll compare and contrast wine and beer tasting jargon and go a bit beyond just flavors and smells. In the meantime, swing by Stockholm’s and do some beer or wine tasting of your own! May I suggest our current seasonal, Saison, a refreshing and light farmhouse ale. Or if you prefer wine, try the Peirano Estates Old Vine Zinfandel for a delicious and complex tasting experience. Skoal!

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As we touched on in an earlier article, discerning flavor profiles is a complex and multisensory task. When it comes to beer, there are so many factors that contribute to your perception of that first sip: the types of hops used, how the beer was carbonated, malt to hop ratio, the temperature of the beer upon consumption, etc. The alcohol content of the brew, or Alcohol by Volume (ABV), is also inherent to a beer’s flavor profile. A low ABV is characteristic of modern “light” beers; with values generally within the 2-5% range. The higher the ABV, the “bigger” or more intense the flavor. Fun fact, according to, the title for highest ABV beer in the world belongs to Snake Venom from Scotland’s Brewmeister with a whopping 67.5%! (The bottle even comes with a warning label that if you drink it in its entirety, it could kill you). 

Back to the topic at hand, calculating ABV is actually just a simple math problem: (Original Gravity – Final Gravity) x 131.25. Gravity is a measurement of a liquid’s density, the total amount of dissolved solids in the beer. These solids are of course sugars that can be converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide. This measurement can be taken with a number of tools including a refractometer, saccharometer, or hydrometer. 

The Original Gravity (O.G.) reading is taken of the liquid before the addition of yeast. This measurement can give the brewer some valuable insight, such as the potential alcohol content. The more sugar solids present for the yeast to feast on = higher alcohol content. This Original Gravity reading also establishes a baseline to which the brewer can compare future measurements throughout the fermentation process for quality assurance purposes. 
The Final Gravity (F.G.) measurement is taken obviously when the fermentation process is complete and the brew is ready for consumption. A low Final Gravity means a dry, crisp flavor while a higher Final Gravity means a sweeter, malty brew. Now that you have your O.G. and F.G. values, just do the math! Your ABV is the end result. 

Did you learn something new? If so, here’s your homework. Next time you visit Stockholm’s, order a Voyage – five 4 ounce samples of our craft beer. Choose brews with varying ABVs, like Loki’s Pils 3.2%, Third Street Ale 5.5%, and G.P.A. 6.8%. Do you pick up on the nuances of flavors from one to another? How does a higher or lower alcohol content contribute to your tasting experience? We’d love to hear from you!

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A sour note

Contrary to what you might have learned in 6th grade science class, the tongue isn’t evenly divided up into neat little regions of taste. Sweet at the front, bitter in the back, and so on. Humans actually have taste receptor cells for each of the five types of tastes (sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and umami) pretty evenly distributed across the tongue and even at the roof of the mouth and into the throat. 

Yet before the food or drink even makes it that far, the tasting process has already begun. The olfactory sensory neurons in your nose have already started firing off signals to your brain to identify the smell. Pleasant? Not-so-pleasant? Does it inspire feelings or specific memories? 

The second the food or drink is consumed, it’s time for the 8,000 or so taste buds to get to work. Simultaneously, two cranial nerves, one at the front of the tongue and one at the back, begin sending messages of their own to the brain. This precisely orchestrated conversation between your nose, mouth, and brain is called Neurogastronomy, the science of taste perception. A lot is happening behind the scenes while we’re enjoying our meals!

There is also an evolutionary component to our taste perception. While salt and sugar are necessary for biological function and energy production, tastes like bitter and sour inherently meant underripe, spoiled, or even DANGER! 
But as we evolved, so did our palates. People have been increasingly adventurous in the flavor profiles they want in their food and drink. Take craft beer for example. Once considered “beer spoilage microorganisms”, strains such as Pediococcus and Lactobacillus are now sought after to create the traits that make a good, sour beer. There are several ways brewmasters go about crafting a sour, most requiring the injection of these Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) at some point in the beer making process. 

Our latest Barrel Aged Brew, Honey Barrel Brown, was aged for 518 days in a Bourbon barrel from now defunct Fox River Distilling out of Geneva. This barrel, as many do, inherently had LAB present. Therefore, the honey added to the brew promoted the production of lactic acid within the beer, resulting in a stark tartness or sour taste, which is then offset by the sweetness of the honey. It is a very complex beer with many layers of flavors. So give a snifter a try and practice a little Neurogastronomy. 

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Unfiltered & naturally conditioned

As Michael made his way through the latest Beverage Master publication, an article caught his eye. The article turned out to be more of an advert for a particular provider of beer filtration systems and how carefully selecting the proper filtration method can make or break the end result. But it was only the opening paragraph that piqued his interest. The author very basically stated that correct process + time + gravity = great beer. But he went on to say, “When a brewer speeds up that process, corners get cut, and compensation has to occur. Proper filtration methods are one way to do this…” 

Invariably in these modern times, patience is not so much a virtue as it is a relic of the past. Time is just another obstacle to overcome using technology and creativity. This is definitely true in the beer world, where getting from wort to mug quickly and efficiently is paramount. Filtration is sometimes utilized by breweries in order to “cut corners” as it were. 

At Stockholm’s, we’re fast approaching 19 years of craft brewing in the Old World Tradition. Our beers are made in small batches right in our front window; naturally conditioned and unfiltered in order to produce the kind of beer you’d find in a German hofbrau around 1900. Choosing not to filter our beers helps us achieve a broader flavor profile, as filtering by its very nature removes subtle flavors and nuances. After all, the Old World process + time + gravity = Stockholm’s Handcrafted Beer.

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In with the new

The vaccine is here. New treatments have been discovered and restrictions are loosening. But it seems that some of the new trends we’ve seen over the past year will continue to be the norm for the foreseeable future.

Carry out is king. Dining inside is once again an option, but many people are still choosing carry out. Perhaps this is because they’re worried about the virus; or maybe a quiet night at home wearing sweatpants just trumps a table at a restaurant. And it doesn’t look like the spike in carry out dining will be going away anytime soon. According to Upserve, 60% of consumers are choosing carry out at least once per week. At Stockholm’s, we’ve continued to offer our full menu along with new monthly specials for both dine in and carry out. 

Drinks to go. Dovetailing right along with carry out meals are carry out adult beverages. Many states, like Illinois, relaxed statutes regarding mixed drinks to go at the start of the pandemic. While the change in statute may be temporary, a Zagat survey found that 59% of consumers will continue to order non-traditional items like alcoholic beverages for carry out even after the pandemic ends. Unfortunately, since Stockholm’s is categorized as a brewpub, thanks to special interest lobbying we are unable to package mixed drinks for carry out. But, as always, all of our handcrafted beers, as well as our seasonal selections and even barrel aged brews, are available in liter growlers to go.

Outdoor dining. We Midwest folk are pretty hardy. We’re used to the relentless snow and the brutal cold of the Illinois winter. But over the past year, outdoor patios have been in use during months when they’d usually be shuttered. Restaurants in every climate are creatively using outdoor space like alley ways, parking lots, and sidewalks to offer safe and comfortable dining choices for their Guests. Our open-air heated patio is a great option for those not ready to dine indoors or for those who just want some fresh air while they enjoy their Stockholm’s favorites.  

While we’ve never been the restaurant to go along with what’s “trendy”, we’re always willing to do whatever it takes for our Guests and to serve great food and drinks in a safe and comfortable environment. At this, the one-year anniversary of a rollercoaster ride of a year, we’d like to once again say Thank You for your unwavering support! We’re grateful we’re still here doing what we love. Cheers!

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Escape to Stockholm’s

Picture it: hot sunshine, a gentle breeze, palm trees swaying, the sounds of ocean waves and exotic birds singing their songs. Sounds amazing right about now, doesn’t it? Well, Stockholm’s doesn’t have any of that. But what we do have is a heck of a lot less expensive and doesn’t require air travel. Your local brewpub. A cozy, warm place to escape to in the middle of a bitter cold winter. You’ll always find a familiar face ready with a greeting and a smile (behind a mask, of course), and there’s always good food and drink to be had. Have your favorite dish, the one you come back for time and time again, or try something new. Pair it with one of our handcrafted beers, or a selection from our diverse wine and spirits list. If you’re ready, take a break and get out of the house for a bit. We have been working hard to keep Guests and staff healthy and safe. If you feel safer at home, our entire menu is available for carryout, along with liter growlers of our handcrafted beer and half gallons of our small batch root beer. We’ll see you soon, no tickets required.
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Have it your way

It’s 2021! A new year, a new start, and for many that means a change in habits. Maybe you’ve resolved to watch less TV, meditate more, or get more steps in daily. While we’re rooting for you, we can’t really help you with those. BUT we may be able to help with all food related resolutions. If you haven’t noticed, our menu runs the gamut – there’s not much that we don’t offer at Stockholm’s. And modification is the name of the game! Additions, subtractions, substitutions, you name it. If eating less meat is on your radar, we offer several delicious meatless options. Any of our salads can be made meatless, we have a Veggie Wrap, a Portabella Mushroom Sandwich, Vegetable Primavera, and the Beyond Burger®. Planning to cut out gluten? Dozens of menu items are marked with either GF or GFA, meaning Gluten Free or Gluten Free Available. 

If you’re participating in Dry January, we’ve come up with a few fun Mocktails crafted with our specialty syrups. All the taste and zero alcohol! And for those of you still imbibing yet wanting to watch your calorie consumption, we have Loki’s Pils on draft, a light yet fully balanced Pilsner. 

Whatever your 2021 is shaping up to be, we hope to be a part of it. Cheers to an amazing year!

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Different ways to holiday


​The holiday season is upon us again. For many, celebrations will be much different than years past. But different doesn’t have to mean boring! Here are some creative ways to make your holidays special in 2020.

A new spin on old traditions: While many of our favorite holiday extravaganzas are cancelled this year, communities are getting inventive in how they reimagine them. For example, Christkindlmarket is virtual this year and Morton Arboretum’s famous Illumination light show will be a drive through spectacle. Our favorite holiday event, the Geneva Christmas Walk, is now Christmas Walk Weekends; each weekend packed with festivities for the entire family. Check out the complete schedule here.

Got crafty kids? Get into the holiday spirit while raising someone’s spirits! Use that artistic talent to make holiday cards and decorations for nursing homes in your area. (Call first to ensure they can accept them.) Many of these care facilities have had to drastically limit visitors this year, so the residents (and health care workers) could use a festive holiday boost!

Give if you can: More folks than ever will need help this year putting a holiday meal on the table or gifts under the tree. Partner with The Salvation Army or Batavia United Way to help local families. Or donate to The Northern Illinois Food Bank or to the food pantry in your community. These days, every little bit helps. 

Support local: Local businesses need your support now more than ever. Many offer online shopping and curbside pickup options. Gift cards always make a great gift as well. And you just might introduce a family member or friend to a new boutique or restaurant they’ve never tried before!

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Small but mighty

It’s no secret that huge retailers like Amazon, Walmart, and Home Depot are booming in the COVID fallout while small businesses continue to suffer. Consumers are looking for convenient and safe alternatives to meet their needs. We are lucky enough to live in a country where you can spend your money how and where you see fit, but here are a few good reasons to support local whenever possible.

According to the Census Bureau’s Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs, small businesses make up a whopping 99.7% of U.S. businesses and 64% of the new jobs created annually. In fact, 74% of small business employees report job satisfaction. While smaller companies may not have the HR resources of their mega-counterparts, flexibility, individually tailored benefits, and more human connection sets a solid foundation for these high marks.

When money is spent on locally owned business, a much larger percentage of that amount is spent locally as well. As much as 64% stays right in that community, versus only about 32% spent at a chain, and 0% spent online.
Local businesses sponsor kid’s sports teams, events we love so much (and missed this year), as well as the nonprofit groups working hard to give back to the community. Without the support of small business, many would not have the revenue stream to survive.

And finally, unique small businesses drive traffic to small town Main Street from all over, creating tourism and tax revenue that is used to enhance local infrastructure and services.

While the passage of time has reduced our alert level when it comes to all things COVID, small business and small town Main Street still need your help to make it through. We are thankful to live in a community which supports its local business. Together, we will not only survive, we will thrive! 

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Beer festivals around the world

Beer Festival Season is upon us! We rounded up a few of these noteworthy events around the world…and none of them take place in Germany!

Belgian Beer Weekend: Generally held in Brussels during the first weekend of September, breweries big and small come together to celebrate their suds. Enjoy beers of every kind while taking in the gorgeous Gothic architecture of La Grande Place, central square of Belgium’s capital city. 

Slunce ve Skle: This annual festival usually takes place the third weekend of September in Pilsen (Plzen), a picturesque city about 50 miles west of Prague in the Czech Republic. The name of the event translates to “sun in a glass”. Attendees can expect to only find microbreweries pouring here (no big guys allowed!) as the focus is more on artistry and quality rather than quantity.

Oktoberfest of Blumenau: Second only to Munich’s, this epic Brazilian celebration lasts over two weeks in October. Imagine all the kitsch and energy of Carnaval meets beer, lederhosen, and knockwurst. Blumenau is a city built by a handful of German immigrants in the mid-1800s. And though you’re merely miles from Sao Paolo, the architecture and spirit of the town is German through and through.

Let there be light

Picture ​Can you believe that light beer as we know it has only been produced in the United States since the mid 1970s? That’s barely a blink of an eye in beer history. The story goes that George Weissman, chairman of Phillip Morris, had his first low sugar lager (called a diat Pilsner in German) in Munich, West Germany. He enjoyed it and had a sneaking suspicion many Americans would, too. And boy was he right. In fact, according to Statistica, 6 of the 7 top selling beers in the United States in 2017 were light beers. Generally speaking, these beers have lower calories, less alcohol, and a lighter body than their full-calorie counterparts. They are also very refreshing and usually highly carbonated. For these reasons, they obviously appeal to a very wide market.  

But what makes a beer light? Basically, in order to make a less caloric version of beer, you must decrease the amount of fermentable sugars. When brewing, malt is the sugar source that yeast consumes to produce alcohol. More malt = more alcohol = more calories. Yet it’s not as simple as just cutting down the malt and calling it a day. Light beer still needs to be tasty. In order to achieve a good tasting final product, bitterness from hops is essential to offset the sweetness of the malt. These contrasting flavor combinations produce delicious and exciting taste sensations, for example sweet and sour, or spicy and sweet. 

After 18 years of brewing full-bodied craft beer in the Old World Tradition, Stockholm’s owner and brewer Michael Olesen is lightening things up. Loki, Stockholm’s first every light beer, is new on tap this week. When asked about brewing beer that is light in calories but still big in flavor, Olesen says that the key is balance. “While less malt produces less alcohol and therefore less calories, you still want a well-balanced, good tasting beer. To help achieve this balance, we’ve used Cascade hops added to the brew at two different times for their light bitterness and aromatic qualities.” The result is a smooth and refreshing brew that is the perfect accompaniment to a hot summer’s day.

An interesting bit of beer trivia: the light beer first brewed in the United States for commercial consumption has a local origin story. The Peter Hand Brewing Co. on North Avenue in Chicago, founded in 1891 by a Prussian immigrant, was purchased by investors in the 1960s. The brand never quite got the traction they hoped for and the recipes were eventually sold to Milwaukee’s Miller brand in the 70s. The recipe for Peter Hand’s Meister Brau Lite seemed to have stood the test of time, as you might have heard of it even all these years later. Does Miller Lite ring a bell?